Amsterdam, the Netherlands

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Docks for boats going up the Rhine River.

Amsterdam was a small fishing village in the 12th century that turned into a major port city in the 17th century during the Dutch Golden Age.  Amsterdam has many water canals, not just for easy transport but also because Amsterdam is mostly under sea level.  The canals are the result of the dams and dikes that was built to hold off the flood water from the sea. The well-known windmills were energy source used to pump water back into the sea to keep the land dry.  Having to constantly balance the level of waters, the Dutch has created the modern water management system of today which is continuously updating as the rising sea level of global warming.

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canal scenes

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Amsterdam city scenes

 

Rijksmuseum is the national museum dedicated to the arts and history of Amsterdam.

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Front of Rijksmuseum

Other scenes within the museum.

Some interesting paintings on display at the museum.  We can see the progression of paintings from still portraits on the simple life and still objects to intricate brushwork, using white to bring out the lace and fabric; and later paintings showing actions and motions.

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The Milkmaid by Johannes Vermeer (1631-1675)
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Woman with a Child a the Pantry by Peter de Hooch (1629-1683)
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Still Life with a Turkey Pie by Peiter Claesz (1597-1660)
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Portrait of a Man by Frans Hals (1582-1666)
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History Scene with a Self Portrait by Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669) earlier work of Rembrandt and his head is to the right of the painting behind scepter.
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The Jewish Bride by Rembrandt in 1667
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Fishing for Souls by Adriaen Pietersz van de Venne (1589-1662) Catholics on the right and Protestants on the left of the painting.
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The Night Watch by Rembrandt van Rijn in 1642 famous for its lighting and as in motion.
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Syndics of the Drapers’ Guild by Rembrandt in 1662 a great collective portrait

 

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