Rome, Italy II

Colosseum, the iconic symbol of Imperial Rome, is on the New Seven Wonders of the World List and one of the popular tourist attractions of Italy.

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Built-in 70 AD and finished in 80 AD during the Flavian dynasty hence also known as the Flavian Amphitheater. This is the Largest amphitheater in the world, It is of oval shape with measurement of 189 meters long and 156 meters wide. The base area is 24,000 sq. feet, the perimeter is 545 meters and the height is 48 meters. It can hold 50,000 to 80,000 spectators.

During the Roman times, the Colosseum provides fights of gladiators and wild animals or executions by wild animals for entertainment.  The spectators my yell out whether they like to see the kill or show mercy to the fighters, but the emperor had the right to override the decision.  Usually, the gladiator fights were scheduled in the mornings and the animal fights were scheduled in the afternoons with the executions in between.  The blood of the dead gladiators and the animals were bottled for the witch doctors to give as health tonics for the sick.

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Inside the Colosseum, we can see the lower level where the animals and gladiators were kept while they waited for their turn to go on. The platform was where the base of the arena was and around on the top were tiers of seating for the spectators.

After the 7th century, the arena was converted to a cemetery, and the lower level was converted for housing and workshops.  During the 12th century, it was a castle for a while, until 1349 it was destroyed by the great earthquake.   Stones and other valuable building materials were carried away for other projects.

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Several crosses were erected for the many martyrdom that happened here.
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Arch of Constantine built to commemorate the Victory of Constantine I in the Battle of Milvian Bridge. This three-arches triumphal arch is 21 meters high and 25 meters wide, built-in the year 315.
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What’s left of the Temple of Roma and Venus once known as a grand building in Ancient Rome. Construction began in 121 and finished in 141. What follows is what happen to any grand buildings, that its valuables were gradually stripped for other building projects and the final major destruction was of an earthquake.
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Arch of Titus was constructed by Emperor Domitian around 82 AD to commemorate his brother, Titus’s victories.
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Roman Forum-the ruins of ancient Rome’s city center. Remnants of important government buildings, temples, marketplace, and streets
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Santa Francesca Romana used to be named Santa Maria Nova as the plaque says when it was built in the late 10th century. An 8th-century oratory excavated from the wing of the Temple of Venus and Roma was incorporated. Later when the bell tower was added in the 13th century, Pope Honorius III built the apse decorated with a mosaic of enthroned Madonna with Saints. In the 16th century, it was rededicated to Frances of Rome, canonized in 1608, whose relics were in the crypt. Saint Francesca Romana is the patron Saint of car drivers. On March 9, cars would line up to partake in the blessing at the feast.
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A delicious lunch at Pasqualino al Colosseo.

Ballet:  La Belle au good Dormanti at the theater.

A traditional Italian restaurant who makes everything fresh.  Yes, including all kinds of pasta.mmexport1537421057128-COLLAGE

Quartiere Coppede is the smallest district of Rome.  The outstanding whimsical style is by Gino Coppede.  This district may be small but it is very exclusive.  It is finished in 1924 consist of 26 small apartments and 7 Villas.  The Beatles danced in the Fountain of Frogs (Fontana delle Rane) and it appeared in some scenes of the film ” The Bird with the Crystal Plumage” an Italian film released in 1970.  The average price of this smallest district is approximately 10,000 Euros per sq. meters.

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Eur district’s Palazzo della Civiltà del Lavoro, or “square colosseum”. a white building with the same amount of arches as Mussolini’s first name and surname. It houses several museums.

Other beautiful buildings in Rome.20180919_100716-COLLAGE

 

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